CONFERENCE 801 - LES PROJETS INTÉGRÉS TRANSPORT-URBANISME : QUELS DÉFIS POUR L’ACTION COLLECTIVE ET QUELS INSTRUMENTS POUR LEUR MISE EN OEUVRE
This conference intends to examine a particular area of public policy, namely the planning and implementation of projects combining the field of transport and the one of spatial planning. Such projects increasingly programmed in Canadian cities (at the metropolitan scale), generally offer better integration of development strategies with respect to individual transport infrastructures, regional planning and urban development at the local level. Specifically, projects considered propose to secure the so called structuring public transport networks (such as commuter trains, light railway or subway) to the development of new and dense neighbourhoods that are mixed and user-friendly, as well as located around key public transit nodes.
The Montreal regional context is a relatively dynamic one on the basis of this type of programming. The Montreal metropolitan community adopted in 2002 an ambitious metropolitan planning and development plan (MPDP) whose proposal was to direct 40% of future household growth by 2020 towards Transit Oriented Development (TOD) types of neighbourhoods. The latter would be located close to major public transport’s nodes. The potential in the region would be around 155 TOD areas. Moreover, the region is affected by a major project of light rail, the metropolitan electrical network. This project intends to create new transport routes of regional scale but the territorial links question land planning. Such a context raises significant challenges for public policy both from the perspective of project content as well as the effective implementation of projects. The integrated transportation-planning projects generally require adaptation to local issues (regionalization effects) and, they show a great density within the same metropolitan area (differentiation effect).
This conference is an opportunity to analyze the substantial dimensions of the TOD type’s projects in the Montreal metropolitan region; the question would be to find out what are the programmatic contents involved in these projects beyond the recommended models? What about meeting populations and regional needs? In addition, the conference aims at dealing with terms and instruments of production and implementation of these highly complex projects. The number of actors (public, private, social), the programming elements (transport supply, land use density, mixed use, etc.), as well as resources (human, financial, etc.), all these aspects raise important questions with respect to governance and control of such projects. This procedural control not only requires a political support, but also various negotiations process between stakeholders at different stages of the project. Our analysis focuses on these processes. Thus, we shall present the Montreal TOD projects tools that manage some of them in order to promote co-construction of contents. Beyond processes, we will also identify instruments in projects implementation. We will assess the scope of processes on the content of integrated transport-planning projects, as well as the leverages and barriers to collective action.
Since June 2015, Florence Paulhiac Scherrer heads the Research Chair ‘’Innovations and Integrated Transport – Planning Strategies’’ (In.SITU), attached to the School of Management (ESG – UQAM). The Research Chair In.SITU is a place of research and support to decision process that is unique in Canada. It gathers together a community of researchers and stakeholders working as a team on major issues for the future of our cities. The ambition of the Chair In.SITU is to contribute to knowledge and applied solutions in order to improve the quality of our urban development and mobility services from a perspective of sustainability. Following are the objectives of the Chair In.SITU :
Florence Paulhiac Scherrer is also member of the network of urban and spatial studies ‘’Villes Régions Monde ‘’ (FRQSC), and the Centre for Research on the City (ESG UQAM). Her research focuses on the urban policy, analysis and planning in the field of urban planning, management of transport and urban mobility, from the perspective of consistency in public action. The content analysis of collective action is studied on the basis of processes related to building, decision-making and implementation of action. These works assess the instruments of action and their impact on the content of urban action. Overall, this research does possess a large impact and several works were held within the framework of research – action. Professor Florence Paulhiac Scherrer currently leads a SHRC research ‘’Savoir’’ (2015 – 2020) on the TOD projects in Canada entitled ‘’Assessment of a coordination transport – planning instrument’’. Among completed research works, three most recent include: firstly, research (PREDIT, 2006 -2007), on the assessment of consistency of urban mobility plan in France, from the perspective of instruments and coordination processes (Paulhiac and Navarina, 2007); secondly, the research (PUCA, 2005 – 2008), on the role of planning sustainable urban development in Grenoble, Lyon and Montreal (Gauthier and Paulhiac, 2008); and finally, (PREDF, 2010 – 2012) on knowledge of daily mobility and changes in urban collective action of greater metropolitan Lyon.